In yesterday’s Advisor we identified 5 basic steps for job hazard analysis (JHA). Today, we suggest a list of questions to consider before embarking on a JHA.
The following list of questions is intended to help focus efforts on identifying and controlling hazards when conducting JHA.
Although the list is comprehensive, it is not complete. You will need to think carefully about the tasks and sub-tasks of each job you analyze and the particular hazards they present. Then you can add or delete to develop suitable lists for jobs you analyze.
- Does the layout of the location or process create hazards?
- Is there adequate access and egress to and from the work area?
- Are workers exposed to temperature extremes?
- Is the lighting adequate?
- Is the work done outdoors and can the weather create a hazard?
- Does the task require entering a confined space?
- Is the work done at heights (from a ladder, roof top, etc.)?
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- Do the tools or equipment create a hazard?
- Is there excessive noise or vibration?
- Can any part of the worker’s body or clothing be caught in the equipment?
- Is the tool or equipment appropriate for the task (strength, size, power, etc.)?
- Are chemicals used?
- Does the worker come into direct contact with the chemicals?
- Are the chemicals released into the air (gas, mists, vapors, etc.)?
- Are workers exposed to electrical hazards?
- Are there excavations, holes, or floor openings in the work area?
- Are the workers exposed to stored energy hazards such as; line pressure, electricity, steam, or falling objects?
- Does the process start and stop automatically?
- Are robotics used in the process?
- Can human factor issues (training, fitness, fatigue, etc.) create a hazard?
- Is there risk of injury from material handling such as lifting, carrying, pushing or pulling?
- Is there risk of repetitive motion injury?
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Get Your Workers Thinking Safety
Once you’ve analyzed the jobs your employees perform, identified the hazards, and determined the solutions, you need to train employees to perform those jobs safely.
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Even your most skeptical workers will see what can go wrong and become safety-minded employees. They’ll learn valuable safety training lessons from real mistakes—but in classroom training meetings instead of on your shop floor.
- 25 case study meetings on key OSHA topics
- Customizable visuals and text
- Fast moving, animated PowerPoint presentations
- Detailed speaker’s notes for every slide
- Printable handouts, quizzes, and slides for each topic
- Interactive exercises and questions
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- Trenching and excavation
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