Cancer is one of the sun's more serious hazards, but workers who protect their skin will also prevent premature aging and eye damage when they do the following:
Recognize the danger hours. The sun's rays are most damaging between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., so workers should take the greatest precautions during these hours. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that workers who are exposed to the sun at this time of day should:
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Dress appropriately. Recommend that workers wear:
Employees can also wash sun protection into their clothes with an approved laundry additive that increases protection and lasts through 20 washings.
Wear sunglasses. Sunglasses can protect eyes if they:
Sunscreens for young children are often formulated without p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) and similar chemicals that can irritate tender skin. Workers with skin conditions like rosacea, or those who have skin allergies or sensitivities to sun-protective chemicals, may fare better with products made for children.
Early diagnosis is extremely important to combating skin cancer; the 5-year survival rate for melanoma victims who are diagnosed before the cancer has spread to other tissues is 98 percent. Workers with high levels of sun exposure on the job can protect themselves by recognizing the disease in its early stages. Early signs of skin cancer include:
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Advise workers who notice these kinds of changes to visit their healthcare professional.
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